Inglés

Bienvenidos al Ciclo Lectivo 2021

NOMBRE DE LA MATERIA:  INGLÉS
CURSO: QUINTO AÑO
CICLO LECTIVO: 2021
CANTIDAD DE HORAS SEMANALES: 2 HORAS
PROFESOR: SILVIA ROMERO

EMAIL: silvia.romero@ensenaporargentina.org

EXPECTATIVAS DE LOGRO

  • Que los alumnos comprendan y produzcan textos escritos y orales con los contenidos propuestos para el año utilizando estrategias específicas en las necesidades de información y comunicación.

  • Desarrollar estrategias de la lengua inglesa que faciliten el acceso al conocimiento, desarrollo personal y de comunicación en el mundo actual.

  • Integrar los contenidos de las materias de la orientación con el aprendizaje de la lengua inglesa.

FAMILIAS: ante cualquier consulta que tengan sobre la dinámica de trabajo de la materia, comunicarse con preceptoría. (Horario de atención de ___ hs a ____ hs)

Tel: 11-3014-8909

Correo: yohana.delapiaza@institutoalberdi.org

Ante consultas sobre contenido de la materia, comunicarse con el profesor por Classroom.

Unit 1: Present simple and present continuous

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Complete the sentences with SIMPLE PRESENT or PRESENT CONTINUOUS:

1. Susan usually ………………. (go) to school by bus, but now she …………………….. (go) to school by train.

2. Mary often ……………….. (read) in bed, but today she is very tired and she ………………………. (not / read).

3. The boys usually ………………… (ride) their bikes to school. They ……………. ………………… (like / ride) their bikes. They ……………… (be) very naughty boys. They always …………………… (go) to school late. Today their teacher …………………. (be) very angry, because they ………………… (be) late again.

4. Mary ……………………….. (like / eat) sweets. Every morning she ……………. (have) coffee with a lot of sweets and chocolate. For lunch she and her friends often ……………….. (eat) sweets or ice-cream. She ……………………… (not / like / eat) fruit or vegetables. She ……………………… (eat / never) eggs or cheese. Today she ………………….. (be) sick. She …………………… (sleep) in her room now.

Read the text carefully and answer the questions:

Right now I am looking at a picture of Barbara. She is not at home in the picture. She is at the park. She is sitting on a bench. She is eating her lunch. Some boys and girls are running on a patch in the park. A squirrel is sitting on the ground in front of Barbara. The squirrel is eating a nut. Barbara is watching the squirrel. She always watches squirrels when she eats her lunch in the park. Some ducks are swimming in the pond in the picture, and some birds are flying in the sky. A policeman is riding a horse. He rides a horse in the park every day. Near Barbara, a family is having a picnic. They go on a picnic every week.

a. Where is Barbara in the picture?

b. What is she doing?

c. What is the squirrel doing in the picture?

d. What does Barbara always do when she has lunch in the park?

e. What are the ducks doing?

f. How often does the policeman ride his horse?

g. How often does the family have a picnic at the park?

Activity: Watch the video and write a paragraph describing your daily routine. Use at least 10 phrases mentioned in the video. Remember to write full sentences. 

Unit 2: Past simple and continuous

Irregular verbs:

Activity: Put the irregular verb in the past tense to fill the gaps.

 

I _______________ (buy) some food for lunch.

2. Who _______________ (meet) you at the airport?

3. We all _______________ (have) the same idea.

4. _______________ (do) you speak to Sophie?

5. I _______________ (see) the weather forecast earlier.

6. He _______________ (give) us a lift into town.

7. She _______________ (read) three books in one week!

8. They _______________ (take) a taxi to the hotel.

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Activity:  

Fill in the blanks with a correct form of PAST CONTINUOUS:

1. Alice hurt herself while she ……………………………………………. (skate).

2. I met my neighbor while I ………………………………………. (walk) home from work.

3. Sally saw a friend while she …………………………….. (ride) her bicycle along Park St.

4. Peter fell asleep while he …………………………………… (study).

5. Bob stepped on Jane’s feet while they ………………………………….. (dance) together.

6. I cut myself while I ……………………………………. (shave).

7. Mr. and Mrs. Brown burned themselves while they …………………………... (bake) cookies.

8. Tommy had a nightmare while he …………………………….. (sleep) at a friend’s house.

How did it happen?

1. How did Alice hurt herself? (play soccer) ………………. She hurt herself while she was playing soccer. ………………………….

2. How did Martin burn himself? (iron his clothes) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. How did Helen cut herself? (slice onions) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

4. How did Jennifer meet her husband? (fix a flat tire) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. How did Marvin break his arm? (skate) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

6. How did you lose your wallet? (ride my bicycle) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

 7. How did Jeff meet his wife? (swim at the beach) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

8. How did Bob get a black eye? (fight with his brother) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

9. How did your children burn themselves? (make breakfast) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

10. How did Martha fall? (dance) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

Unit 3: Present perfect

We often use present perfect for talking about something which happened in the past which is important now.

My Chinese teacher has given me some homework. (= I have the homework to do now.)

 I’ve forgotten. (= I can’t remember now.)

She’s broken her leg. (= Her leg is still broken now.)

 

We also use present perfect with just for talking about a recent action.

 Oliver’s just made a cake.

 

We use the present perfect simple more when there is a result in the present (like the cake) and the present perfect continuous more when the action is important.

 

We also use it for life experiences which happened at any time in the past. The person’s life, which continues in the present, is the link to the present.

She’s won an award.

Sophie has been to Berlin before. (We don’t know when and it isn’t important). If you wanted to say when, you would have to use the past simple: ‘Sophie went to Berlin ten years ago.’

 

We also use the present perfect for actions or states that are unfinished.

Your mum’s been writing her blog for years now, hasn’t she? (She is still writing the blog now, so the action isn’t complete).

 

We use already to talk about something which has been done, and usually this is surprising to the speaker.

Wow, that was quick! You’ve finished your homework already.

Yet is mainly used in questions and negatives to talk about something which hasn’t happened, but which you thought would happen in the past and you expect to happen in the future.

I haven’t had time yet.

 Have you seen her new blog yet?

We use still to talk about something which is going on longer than you expect. They’ve been doing things with that computer for ages, but they still haven’t fixed it.

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Activity: Complete the sentences in the video with the present perfect.

Activity:

Write a suitable sentence using the PRESENT PERFECT TENSE :

1. Ann’s hair was dirty. Now it’s clean. (wash) ……... Ann has washed her hair…………

2. Tom was 80 kg. Now he’s 70. (lose weight) ……………………………………………..

3. Bill played football yesterday. Now he can’t walk; his leg is in plaster. (break) ………………………………………………………………………

4. My sister is looking for her pen. (lose) ……………………………………………………

5. Mary is on holiday in France. (go) ………………………………………………………..

6. Mr. Hill was in Canada last week. He’s back in London now. (be) ……………………… …………………………………………….

7. Look! Mrs. Smith has got a lot of packages. (buy) ……………………………………….

8. I can’t eat anything now. (eat too much) ………………………………………………….

9. Mrs. Jenkins is very tired. (clean / house) …………………………………………………

10. Tony needs a holiday. (work / hard / this year) ……………………………………………

B) Use PRESENT PERFECT TENSE after BECAUSE:

Example: She can’t go to the party. (catch a cold) She can’t go to the party because she has caught a cold.

1. He can’t walk very fast. (hurt / leg) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

2. I can’t get in. (lose / key) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. I know this story very well. (see the film) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

4. I can’t post the letter. (not put / stamp / on it) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. He can’t stand up. (eat too much) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

6. They can’t go on holiday. (not save / money) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

7. I know him. (meet him before) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

8. We don’t know how he is. (not hear from him) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

9. He won’t take a cigarette. (give up smoking) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

10. She can’t get in. (he / lock the door) ………………………………………………………………………………………………

Verbs with prepositions

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Prepositions and short adverbs.

  • These are words that tell us, example, when (e.g. at, in until, before, since), where (e.g. in, between, under), or about direction (e.g. up, down, out, towards). They also can appear in word patterns (e.g. in your free time, regardless of) and as part of phrasal verbs (e.g. go away, put up with, sort out).

Activity:

Complete the sentences with a preposition or short adverb in each gap.

At – off – until – to – in – with – before – from – on – since – out – after - up

 

1) I like to look  __________ the CD artwork when I`m listening   _________ my favorite band.

2) I met Robin  __________  the cinema __________  half past five __________   going in to watch the film.

3) I`ve got the day __________  work on Friday so let`s go  __________  the countryside.

4) Are you interested   __________   joining the scuba diving club that meets ________   Fridays?

5) I`ve been working __________ six and I`ll be here__________   ten, so call me  __________  half past ten.

6) On Saturdays I like to go __________, usually__________ friends.

7) I prefer to stay __________ bed late __________ the weekend, but my brother likes to get __________ early and do exercise.

8) __________ school I usually see if there is anything interesting __________  TV or if have any emails __________ my friends.

9) A: “We are going to hang __________at the shopping mall tomorrow.”

B: “Really? I don`t think I am feeling __________  to it. I`ll stay __________ home.”

10) I have been feeling a lot fitter __________ I took __________  rock climbing.

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Write a postcard to a friend or family member. Think about these questions: Who will you write to? Where are you? Are you having a good time? Where are you staying, and what’s the place like? What are the people like? What’s the weather like? What did you do yesterday? What are you doing tomorrow?

Unit 4: Comparatives and superlatives

When we want to compare two or more things, we can change the form of adjectives by adding –er or –est. We can also use extra words like more or most and expressions like not as … as.

 

I think you're taller than me. (tall)

 She's the tallest in the group. (tall)

The pizzas in La Bella Napoli are better than the ones in Pietro's. (good)

It was the best pizza I've ever had! (good)

People say Bioshock is a more exciting game than Skyrim. (exciting)

 

With most one-syllable adjectives, we add –er or –est, and with most adjectives with two syllables or more, we add more or (the) most.

In comparatives, we also use than before the second thing which is compared, if it is mentioned. La Bella Napoli is nearer than Pietro's. (near)

 It's not the cheapest restaurant though. (cheap)

 

With one-syllable adjectives ending in vowel + consonant, remember to double the final consonant before –er/–est. big → bigger → biggest

 If the adjective ends in –e, just add –r or –st. large → larger → largest

Grand Theft Auto is the most exciting video game. (exciting)

 

Exceptions are:

good → better → best

bad → worse → worst

far → further/farther → furthest/farthest.

They use the worst cheese.

 

With adjectives ending in y, you change the y to i and add er/ est.

lucky → luckier → luckiest

happy → happier → happiest

They've got the friendliest waiters!

With most adjectives with typical adjective endings, and with two or more syllables, you use more/most + adjective.

They do the most disgusting pasta I've ever tasted.

 

Other way of comparing things:

We often use not as … as.

I'm not as tall as you. (= I'm smaller than you)

Maybe the pizza at La Bella Napoli isn't as good as I remember.

Activity: Watch the video and complete the sentences.

Fill in the blanks with the adjectives in brackets (use the comparative or superlative form):

1. Tom is …………………………………………………… his brother. (old)

2. This problem is ……………………………………………. that problem. (easy)

3. John is …………………………………………………. boy in our class. (tall)

4. My friend is …………………………………………. my sister. (fat)

5. My room is ……………………………………… room in our house. (small)

6. Konya is ………………………………………… city in Turkey. (large)

7. The Kızılırmak is ………………………………… river in Turkey. (long)

 8. Madonna is ………………………………………….. Sandra. (popular)

9. My English is ……………………………………….. your English. (good)

10. The weather today is ………………………………………. the weather yesterday. (bad)

11. This garden is …………………………………………….. that garden. (large)

12. Elizabeth is ……………………………………………. girl in our group. (beautiful)

13. I am ……………………………………………… girl in the class. (short)

14. What is ……………………………………….. film on TV today? (funny)

15. Who is ………………………………………… girl in your class? (pretty)

Complete the sentences:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. (young) David is ….. younger than …. Tom and George.

2. (old) George and Tom are ……………………………………………… David.

3. (heavy) George is the …………………………………………………. all.

4. (light) Tom is …………………………………………………. George.

5. (tall) Tom is ………………………………………………… David.

6. (tall) George is ……………………………………………… all.

7. (old) George is ……………………………………………… Tom.

8. (little) David gets ………………………… money ……………………. Tom.

9. (much) George gets ……………………….. money ……………………. Tom.

10. (small) David’s house is …………………………………………. Tom’s.

11. (big) George’s house is ……………………………………….. all.

12. (big) Tom’s house is ………………………………………….. David’s.

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Unit 5: Future forms

We have different ways of talking about the future. We often use going to (+ infinitive), the present continuous (to be + -ing) or will (+ infinitive). The structure we use depends on the function of what we want to say, whether we are talking about arrangements, plans, predictions, etc.

We use will / won’t (= will not) + the infinitive for predictions about the future. Oliver’ll be back soon. We won’t be ready. Do you think it’ll rain this afternoon? We also use will when we decide something at the moment of speaking. (The doorbell rings) I’ll get it.

 

Will is used for decisions made at the moment of speaking. What about decisions made before the moment of speaking? Then we can use either the present continuous or going to (+ infinitive). Amy’s coming round.

We’re going to watch a film – want to join us?

What are you doing this evening?

 

We use the present continuous more for arrangements with other people and be + going to + infinitive for intentions. Sometimes it’s important to choose the right structure, but often we could use either because many events are both arrangements and intentions.

Amy’s coming round. (= arrangement between Amy and Daisy)

Amy’s going to come round. (= Amy’s intention)

I’m going to clean my room tonight. (= intention)

I’m cleaning my room tonight. (not an arrangement)

 

There’s another use of going to. We use it for predictions too, especially when you can see something happening or about to happen.

Look out! You’re going to spill that coffee

 

Sometimes both will and going to can be used.

I think the Green Party will win the election.

 I think the Green Party are going to win the election.

 

You can use present simple for timetabled events.

My plane leaves at 4pm tomorrow.

The match starts at 8pm.

Activity: Fill in WILL or BE GOING TO:

 

1. A: Why do you need so much sugar? B: I ……………………………………… make a cake.

2. A: Oh no! I’ve left my purse at home and I haven’t got any money on me! B: Don’y worry. I …………………………………………. lend you some.

3. A: I don’t know how to use this mixer. B: That’s OK. I ………………………………….. show you.

4. A: Why are all these people gathered here? B: The Prime Minister ……………………………… open the new hospital ward.

5. A: Did you remember to buy the magazine I asked for?

B: Sorry, I didn’t. I …………………………………. buy it when I go out again.

6. A: What’s that on your curtains?

B: It’s a stain. I ………………………………….. take them to the dry cleaner’s tomorrow.

7. A: These bags are very heavy. I can’t lift them.

B: I ………………………………… carry them for you.

8. A: I hear you’re going to Leeds University in September.

B: Yes, I ……………………………………. study French and German.

9. A: Why don’t you tidy your room?

B: I …………………………………….. play football in ten minutes, so I haven’t got time.

10. A: How can we get all this home?

B: I ………………………………………. ask James to come and help.

11. She has bought some wool. She ……………………………. knit a sweater.

12. A: This problem is very difficult.

B: I ………………………. help you to solve it.

13. A: Why are you taking down all the pictures?

B: I ……………………………….. paint the room.

14. I ………………………… climb that mountain one day.

15. Look at that young man. He looks very pale. He ……………………………. faint.

16. A: Why are buying that spade?

B: I ……………………………… plant some trees in my garden at the back of the house.

17. She …………………………….. get better. There are positive signs.

18. I’m hungry. I ………………………………. have something to eat.

19. I ………………………………… be 38 years old next week.